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Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies (SCOMET) goods are dual-use items that can be employed in both civilian and military settings. The export of commodities on the SCOMET list is regulated by India’s Foreign Trade Policy. To export SCOMET, the exporter must receive a licence from the Director General of Foreign Trade.

Export of Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment and Technologies (SCOMET), as indicated in Appendix-3 of Schedule 2 of ITC(HS) Classification of Export & Import Items, shall be governed by the specific provisions of (i) Chapter IV A of the FT(D&R) Act, 1992 as amended from time to time (ii) Sl. No. 4 & 5 of Table A and Appendix-3 of Schedule 2 of ITC(HS) Classification of Export & Import Items (iii) Para 2.16, Para 2.17, Para 2.18 of FTP and (iv) Para 2.73 -2.82 of Hand Book of Procedures, in addition to the other provisions of FTP and Handbook of Procedures governing export Authorisations

Sections 5 and 14A of the FTDR Act of 1992 were used to notify the SCOMET list of products. The FTDR Act of 1992 was revised in 2010, and a new Chapter IV-A was added. This newly added chapter addresses export controls for certain products, services, and technologies, and gives the Central Government the authority to monitor and alter the list of such items, services, and technologies.

Appendix 3 of Schedule 2 of the ITC contains the SCOMET list (HS). The export of items on the SCOMET list is limited and requires a licence or authorisation. The SCOMET articles are divided into nine different categories:

i. Nuclear materials, nuclear-related other materials, equipment, and technology (Category 0)

ii. Toxic chemical agents and other chemicals (Category 1)

iii. Microorganisms and Toxins (Category 2)

iv. Materials, Materials Processing Equipment, and Related Technologies (Category 3)

v. Uncontrolled nuclear-related other equipment and technologies (Category 4)

vi. Aerospace systems, equipment, including production and test equipment, related technology, and specially designed components and accessories thereof (Category 5).

vii. Munitions list (Category 6)

viii. Reserved (Category 7)

ix. Special Materials and Related Equipment, Material Processing, Electronics, Computers, Telecommunications, Information Security, Sensors and Lasers, Navigation and Avionics, Marine, Aerospace, and Propulsion (Category 8)

It has also been clarified that the SCOMET list includes used items, non-controlled items containing one or more controlled component(s) where the controlled component(s) is the principal element, and non-controlled items containing one or more controlled component(s) where the controlled component(s) is the principal element.

Export authorization for SCOMET goods

The exporter must submit an online application to the DGFT for the award of SCOMET Authorization, as per Trade Notice No. 11/2021-22 Dated 28.07.2021 of DGFT.

SCOMET goods for exhibition export

Endues or end-user certifications are not required for the export of products from the SCOMET List (other than Category 0,1 and 2) purely for the purpose of display or exhibition. The export licence will not be provided for any category or item under Categories 0, 1, or 2.

Export licences for SCOMET items for exhibition in a foreign nation are subject to a six-month reimport requirement. If the exhibitor intends to sell the item during the show abroad, the merchant must apply for an export licence. The selling of SCOMET merchandise without a valid licence is prohibited.

SCOMET items exported from DTA to SEZ

The SCOMET commodities can be shipped without a permit from the Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) to the Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Suppliers must, however, disclose all SCOMET supplies from the Domestic Tariff Area to the appropriate SEZ’s Development Commissioner.

SCOMET Items from the SEZ that can be exported to any country

For the physical export of SCOMET commodities from a Special Economic Zone outside of India, an export authorization is required.

Authority that License

The Directorate General of Foreign Trade, which is part of the Licensing Authority, issues export licences for commodities included in SCOMET Categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8.

The Ministry of Defence is the prescribed authority for the export of items included in Category 6 of the SCOMET list, with the Department of Atomic Energy being the licencing authority for items in Category 0.

The SCOMET Export License’s Validity

The export licence is valid for 24 months, however it can be extended for up to one year by revalidation by the DGFT regional office with approval from DGFT Headquarters.

What We Do at Sai Global Exim Services

We offer assistance for applications requiring approval for export authorization in terms of SCOMET products, which are listed in Appendix 3 to Schedule 2 of ITC (HS) Classifications of Export and Import items. We are the best SCOMET Authorization experts in Hyderabad, India. Our experts will walk you through every step of the online system, from EUCs to PDF files and online application submission. Additionally, the holder must keep the record for a maximum of five years. We will walk you through the necessary steps to do this as well.

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Frequently Asked Questions on SCOMET Authorization

SCOMET is an acronym for Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies. This list includes goods that are considered dual-use items, which means they have both civil and military applications and can potentially be used as weapons of mass destruction. SCOMET items include goods, technology, chemicals, and organisms, among others.

If any SCOMET items are exported without proper authorization, penalties under the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act (FTDR) may be imposed. These penalties can include monetary fines and even imprisonment in some cases. The FTDR Act provides a legal framework for regulating the import and export of goods, including SCOMET items, to protect national security interests and prevent their misuse. It is, therefore, important to comply with all relevant provisions of the FTDR Act and obtain the necessary authorizations before exporting any SCOMET items.

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Any person, company, or organization involved in the export, import, or transit of SCOMET items from or to India requires SCOMET authorization. This includes manufacturers, traders, exporters, importers, freight forwarders, and carriers involved in the transportation of SCOMET items.

Yes, there are certain exemptions to SCOMET authorization. For example, SCOMET items that are exclusively for military use by the Indian Armed Forces, items for United Nations peacekeeping missions, or items for use in bona fide research and development programs may be exempted from SCOMET authorization. However, these exemptions are subject to specific conditions and requirements, and it is essential to verify the eligibility for exemption before exporting, importing, or transiting SCOMET items.

Non-compliance with SCOMET authorization can result in severe penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and cancellation of authorization. In addition, the unauthorized export, import, or transit of SCOMET items can have serious legal and reputational consequences, including sanctions and restrictions on trade and business activities.

The timeline for obtaining SCOMET authorization may vary depending on the complexity of the application, the completeness of the documentation, and the review process. However, as per the standard guidelines, the competent authority aims to process SCOMET applications within 60 days from the date of receipt of a complete application. However, the actual time taken may vary, and it is advisable to plan ahead and submit the application well in advance of the intended export, import, or transit.


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